What You Need to Know About Tooth Enamel Erosion

Tooth enamel erosion

Before you gulp down your next soda, mull over this: Soda is public enemy number one when it comes to dental enamel erosion, a common and often painful condition.

Enamel loss frequently starts as a simple infuriation and grows into a severe dental problem. Tooth enamel is a valuable substance that gets worn down by the foods and drinks we consume — including but not restricted to — soda and other sugary beverages.

Tooth enamel erosion

If you want to defend your teeth and look out for your long-term dental health, it’s imperative you learn:

  • What causes tooth erosion
  • The link between teeth and acid erosion
  • Whether tooth enamel can be restored
  • How to put a stop to tooth erosion

What Is Tooth Enamel?

Before we start to explore tooth erosion, you may first be wondering what tooth enamel is and why it’s important. Tooth enamel is a dense mineral that surrounds the crown of every tooth. Think of this enamel as the moat and your tooth as the castle. Just as a moat protects the castle from unwanted invaders, tooth enamel protects the tooth from foreign substances that can hurt it, such as sugar and acid.

Tooth enamel has a number of distinguishing features:

  • It’s the hardest substance in the body
  • It measures barely a couple millimeters at its thickest
  • It can be yellow, grayish, white or bluish

As enamel is a mineral, it does not grow up back. When it has been smashed, such as a crack or a chip, that loss turn out to be permanent. As hard as tooth enamel is, it can continue with a lot of damage, and erosion ranks as the most frequent type of tooth enamel damage.

What Causes Enamel Loss?

Acid ranks as the main cause of tooth enamel loss. This material eats away at tooth enamel, eroding it eventually. This leaves the tooth weak and with no its main source of shelter.

The mouth produces acid in a number of ways. The most common method comes from the food we eat. But that’s not all – other contributors to acid production in the mouth include:

  • Dry mouth
  • Acid reflux
  • GI tract issues
  • Taking acidic medicines such as aspirin or antihistamines
  • Low-salivary flow
  • Genetics
  • Bruxism or grinding of the teeth

Foods and Drinks That Contribute to Teeth Acid Erosion

Foods and drinks with high acid content are the foremost cause of dental enamel erosion. The irony, of course, is that this type of enamel erosion can be prevented with tweaks to your diet.

Foods and Drinks That Contribute to Teeth Acid Erosion

These foods and drinks manufacture the most acid and thus do the most harm to your tooth enamel:

  • Soda: The sugar in this sweet drink and the bacteria in your mouth merge to form the acid that attacks your teeth consistently whenever you gulp down. Don’t be fool by diet sodas — they are just as damaging, causing enamel damage that can even be worse than that caused by drug abuse.
  • Fruit juice: although not as strong as soda, this drink is high in sugar and sparks elevated acid making in your mouth.
  • Flavored water: revelation: You may think water is a secure choice, but if you drink on flavored waters, they frequently have citric acid and other additives that can make acid in your mouth, even if they do not contain sugar.
  • Sugary snacks: Snacks with plenty of sugar in them, particularly chewy ones that fix to your teeth, will harm the enamel. Look out of the many forms of sugar when picking your snacks — fructose, honey, glucose, corn syrup and others all refer to sugar and are  supposed to be evaded.
  • Starchy snacks: Carbohydrate-heavy foods for example potato chips, white bread and crackers can linger in the mouth and produce acid.
  • Citrus fruits: While citrus fruits make great snacks and are part of a healthy diet, they are extremely acidic and can put in to tooth enamel erosion if they stay in the mouth too long — for example, if you’re sucking on a lemon.

Foods and Drinks That Contribute to Teeth Acid Erosion

Side Effects of Dental Enamel Erosion

Now that you know what causes enamel erosion, you might be doubting. How can I let know if my tooth enamel is grind down? There are a number of side effects from erosion.

Tooth Sensitivity

The most common side effect from teeth erosion is tooth sensitivity. This is caused by the decrease of the tooth’s defensive coating. Your teeth may damage when you eat very hot or cold foods, when you brush, or when your gum line is showing to air.

Yellow Teeth

Enamel erosion often results in what appears to be discoloration. In reality, the enamel has worn so thin you are seeing the underlying dentine of your teeth, which is yellow.

Uneven Edges on the Teeth 

When your tooth enamel wears away, it can result in bumpy edges. This can eventually lead to chips and cracks.

Shiny Spots on the Teeth

These smooth surfaces indicate erosion. They’re a sign your teeth have lost minerals.

Increased Tooth Decay

As you may visualize when the protecting surface on your teeth gets worn, your teeth turn out to be more susceptible to cavities.

Tooth Fracturing

As enamel grows weaker, the structure of the teeth can break down. Cracks and fractures of the teeth happen more frequently.

See-Through Teeth

The more the enamel has been worn down, the thinner your teeth grow, until they appear almost transparent. Your teeth may also look duller because their natural shine has been worn away.

Can Tooth Enamel Be Restored?

Unfortunately, there’s no way to “restore” tooth enamel. Enamel doesn’t have living cells, which means there is no way it can repair itself. Any destruction done to the enamel on your teeth is eternal.

How to Repair Tooth Enamel

Though enamel can’t be replicated, dentists can offer a bit of assistance in repairing the worn-down mineral. There are two main ways to treat eroded teeth:

  • Tooth bonding: Bonding can be employed in milder cases of enamel erosion. In this cosmetic procedure, resin that is colored to match your tooth is applied to the tooth with the damage. Once it solidifies, it is “bonded” to your tooth and then trimmed and polished to fit into your mouth properly. The whole process takes an hour or less, and the bonding generally takes just one appointment.
  • Tooth crowns: A crown can be applied to a tooth in more severe cases of weak enamel. This process engrosses capping the tooth with a fresh one that will care for the damaged areas. A crown can bring back function to a damaged tooth, allocating you to eat and drink with no pain. It will also defend your tooth against coming decay.

What If You Delay Tooth Erosion Treatment?

Tooth enamel erosion may not appear like a imperative problem. If you lost a filling or had a painful cavity, you’d head straight for the dentist, however most people don’t feel such instant action is essential for the repair of tooth enamel. in spite of this virtual lack of necessity, you should think about consulting with your dentist as soon as possible.

What If You Delay Tooth Erosion Treatment?

Tooth erosion will only grow to be worse when you are not taking any steps to stop it. If you do not know which foods to shun or understand you’re brushing your teeth too forcefully and making frail enamel, you won’t do anything to alter these habits. Your dentist can tell you what to do to end the sequence of tooth erosion.

How to Prevent Tooth Erosion

Reduce Sugary Drinks

Yes, this one must be obvious, but it tolerate repeating: Soda and fruit juices are venomous to your teeth. If you can replace even one or two of these drinks every day with water, you’ll be doing a huge service to your teeth.

Don’t Swish Your Drinks

When you twirl liquid around in your mouth, particularly acidic liquid for example soda or orange juice, you’re revealing even more of your mouth to the acid that results tooth enamel goes kaput. Evade swishing your drinks: make use of a straw so the liquid contacts as a small number of teeth as possible prior to being swallowed.

Obtain Treatment for Outstanding Medical Conditions

Stomach acid flakes the teeth fast. When you undergo from a digestive disorder, for example acid reflux, or an eating disorder, such as bulimia, this stomach acid often burns up the esophagus and into your mouth, where it approach to your teeth.

Cut Back on Snacks

Recurrent snacking all through the day can show the way to greater acid production. If you’re a grazer who like  snacks to meals or you grasp food when you’re jaded, try to eradicate one or two of your each day snacks to cut back on acid production in the mouth.

Rinse Your Mouth following Eating

We make clear to our patients that brushing your teeth too soon following eating acidic food can in reality make the damage worse, for the reason that you’re spreading the acid around your mouth. in its place, gently wash out your mouth with water or mouthwash after eating. Then, an hour after you’ve completed eating, take out your toothbrush.

Chew Sugarless Gum

Sugar-free gum can help clear away acid lingering in your mouth after a meal. Prefer a gum with xylitol, which has been made known to prevent the augmentation of cavity-causing bacteria in the mouth.

Add to Your Dairy Intake

You construct strong teeth with calcium, and dairy products brim with it. Plus, dairy products are muggy and form a layer over your teeth that remain after you eat them, helping to guard enamel against acid.

Drink Tea

You have possibly take notice of about the health benefits of green and black tea, which are high in antioxidants. But did you know tea can also help stop tooth erosion? This all-natural beverage has a elevated PH level relative to most other drinks, and it can neutralize acid in your mouth produced by other food and drinks.

Use Toothpaste and Mouthwash with Fluoride

Fluoride is like a booster shot for your teeth. It helps to fortify enamel, offering more safety against acid or whatever thing that can wear away that defensive coating. opt toothpaste and mouthwash that list fluoride amongst the ingredients, and ensure your kids do the same. It’s never too early on to start building those healthy, tooth-protecting habits.

Get Regular Dental Checkups

The preeminent protection against tooth erosion is a good offense, and that means being proactive with your dental hygiene. Plan regular dental checkups and biannual cleanings to maintain your teeth as healthy as achievable.

At ADVANCED DENTAL CARE CENTRE, we can look out of your entire family and help you in the battle against dental enamel erosion. Contact us today to schedule a checkup.

Everything you need to know about Tooth Filling Material

Dental filling

Despite how well you look out of your teeth or how many times you brush or floss, at times you are constrained to build up cavity. Fillings can also be essential if  your teeth are damaged due to fracture or if you bite your nails or mince your teeth. In turn to preserve the tooth your dentist will eradicate the decomposed and fill in the cavity with one of the number of types of fillings.

filling materials

A filling is intended only to ‘fill’ a cavity and to close off further attack by bacteria. Advances in technology plus changing priorities for customers, have determined preferences for diverse materials.

Preferably, dental filling material must have the following qualities, in order of importance:

  • Dimensional stability (doesn’t transform shape eventually)
  • Physically sturdy (is able to defy wear and breakage)
  • Cosmetically pleasing (looks similar to a tooth)

It’s essential to make out the differences between the forms of filling materials. That way, if you require a restoration, you’ll appreciate how each material will work, how long it will last, and how it will look.

Types of Filling Material

Nowadays, numerous dental filling materials are obtainable. Teeth can be restored with gold; porcelain; silver amalgam (or tooth-colored, plastic, and materials called composite resin fillings).

1. Dental amalgam or “silver” fillings

1.	Dental amalgam or “silver” fillings

They are generally used to fill up back teeth. They are minimal cost and long lasting, but the color does not appear natural. little amounts of mercury can be free from amalgam fillings, which have bring about health worries in the past, but the minute amounts of mercury are usually not detrimental.

Advantages of silver fillings:

  • Robustness silver fillings last at least 10 to 15 years and generally live longer than composite (tooth-colored) fillings.
  • Strength – can endure chewing forces
  • Expenditure may be less pricey than composite fillings

Disadvantages of silver fillings:

  • Deprived Aesthetics – silver fillings don’t go with the color of natural teeth.
  • Annihilation of more tooth structure – healthy fraction of the tooth must a lot be aloofed to make a space big enough to grip the amalgam filling.
  • Discoloration — amalgam fillings can produce a grayish tinge to the nearby tooth structure.
  • chink and fractures– though all teeth enlarge and contract in the existence of hot and cold liquids, which in the end can result the tooth to crack or fracture, amalgam material — in evaluation with other filling materials — may encounter a widespread degree of expansion and contraction and show the way to a advanced prevalence of cracks and fractures.
  • Allergic Reactions — a minute percentage of populace, about 1%, are allergic to the mercury there in amalgam restorations.

Protocols comprise some or all of the following:

  • Use of high-speed suction throughout removal to considerably decrease the amount of mercury vapor that break out from the region right away surrounding the tooth.
  • Breathing oxygen or nitrous oxide during the elimination to bound inhalation of trace airborne mercury vapor.
  • Wearing a rubber dam for the period of removal of the amalgam fillings.

2. Gold fillings

These are made by means of a cast of your cleaned tooth, so it takes more than one visit to obtain a gold filling fixed, made, and placed. Gold is tough than amalgam but is also more costly and does not have a natural appearance. Previous to the preface of dental porcelain the top restorative material was gold. It has alike qualities to porcelain, in that it’s very firm and very strong.  on the other hand as the price of gold escalate each year, it is costly to manufacture and for the reason that it looks ‘gold’ it lack the cosmetic plea.

Gold fillings

Cast Gold Fillings

Benefit of cast gold fillings:

  • Durability — lasts at least 10 to 15 years and generally longer; doesn’t rust
  • Strength — can endure chewing forces
  • Aesthetics — some patients find gold more pleasant to the look atthan silver amalgam fillings.

Drawback of cast gold fillings:

  • Cost—gold cast fillings cost too much than other materials; up to 10 times elevated than cost of silver amalgam fillings.
  • Extra office visits – necessitate  at least two office visits to place
  • Galvanic shock — a gold filling positioned right away next to a silver amalgam filling may generate a jagged pain (galvanic shock). The communication between the metals and saliva results an electric current.
  • Aesthetics — the majority patients abhor metal “colored” fillings and wish fillings that go with the rest of the tooth.

3. Composite (white) fillings

These are completed in a single visit using layers of resin. Composite fillings are a fair option for visible areas as they look similar to your natural teeth, but they are not as burly as metal fillings so they might not last as long, specially on the back molars. Composite fillings fracture and crack more simply than metal, so the danger for recurring decay is advanced. Composite fillings are more pricey than amalgam but less costly than gold.

Composite (white) Fillings

Benefits of Composites:

  • Aesthetics — the shade/color of the composite fillings can be very much coordinated to the color of existing teeth. Composites are mostly well suitable for use in front teeth or perceptible parts of teeth.
  • Bonding to tooth structure — composite fillings in fact chemically bond to tooth structure, providing further support.
  • Versatility: besides used as a filling material for decay, composite fillings can also be used to fix flaked, broken down, or worn teeth.
  • Tooth-sparing preparation — at times less tooth structure requires to be aloofed compared with amalgam fillings when removing decomposed and preparing for the filling.

Shortcoming of Composites:

  • Lack of strength composite fillings wear out earlier than amalgam fillings; in addition, they might not last as long as amalgam fillings in the pressure of chewing and mainly if used for big cavities.
  • Extended chair time — for the reason that of the process to apply the composite material, these fillings can takes up to 20 minutes longer than amalgam fillings to lay.
  • Extra visits — if composites are used for inlays or onlays, more than one office visit may be necessary.
  • Chipping — depending on position, composite materials can break off the tooth.
  • Expenditure: composite fillings can charge up to two times the cost of amalgam fillings.

Other than tooth-colored, composite resin fillings, two other tooth-colored fillings subsist ceramics and glass ionomer.

Other Filling Types

1. Porcelain

It is the best filling material  you can use for a filling. If well-looked after following treatment, it will refurbish your oral health for the long-run, decades even, with good care. It’s also the most cosmetically alluring of all the materials.

Porcelain

for the reason that it’s intended exactly to fit your tooth, made outside the mouth, then bonded in, there is no chance for contraction as with plastic fillings.

Porcelain fillings are prepared outside of the mouth, either by a dental technician or CAD-CAM system, and after that cemented in. This new technology means that porcelain restoration can be made and cemented in the same appointment – so less time and less injections.

This material commonly lasts more than 15 years and can cost as much as gold.

2. Glass ionomer

Glass Ionomer

It is made of acrylic and a definite type of glass material. This material is most generally used for fillings beneath the gum line and for fillings in young children (drilling is still required). Glass ionomers discharge fluoride, which can help guard the tooth from further decay. Though, this material is weaker than composite resin and is more vulnerable to wear and prone to fracture. Glass ionomer usually lasts five years or not as much of with costs comparable to composite resin. The most recent ones have an still better lifetime and, when placed in suitable areas are equal to composites.

What Are Indirect Fillings?

Indirect fillings are like composite or tooth-colored fillings apart from they are prepared in a dental laboratory and entail two visits before being positioned. Indirect fillings are considered when not sufficient tooth structure relics to prop up a filling but the tooth is not so ruthlessly damaged that it desires a crown.

In the first appointment, decay or an old filling is detached. An impression is taken to trace the shape of the tooth being revamped and the teeth surrounding it. The impression is send out to a dental lab that will construct the indirect filling. A temporary filling is positioned to guard the tooth whereas the restoration is being made. During the second visit, the temporary filling is aloofed, and the dentist will test out the fit of the indirect restoration. Bestowed the fit is acceptable; it will be enduringly cemented into place.

There are two kinds of indirect fillings – Inlays and Onlays.

  • Inlays are alike fillings but the whole work lies within the cusps (bumps) on the chewing facade of the tooth.
  • Onlays are more widespread than inlays, casing one or more cusps. Onlays are at times called partial crowns.

Inlays and onlays

Inlays and onlays are more strong and last much longer than conventional fillings — up to 30 years. They can be made of tooth-colored composite resin, porcelain, or gold. Inlays and onlays weaken the tooth structure, but do so to a much lower amount than traditional fillings.

one more type of inlay and onlay — direct inlays and onlays — follow same method processes and dealings as the indirect, but the dissimilarity is that direct inlays and onlays are prepared in the dental office and can be positioned in one visit. The kind of inlay or onlay used depends on how much sound tooth structure leftovers and contemplation of any cosmetic interests.

What’s a Temporary Filling and Why Would I require One?

Temporary fillings are used under the following situations:

  • For fillings that entail more than one visit — for example, before placement of gold fillings and for definite filling procedures (called indirect fillings) that use composite materials
  • Following a root canal
  • To permit a tooth’s nerve to “quiet down” if the pulp became aggravated
  • If emergency dental treatment is required

What crops up when you get a Filling?

If your dentist makes a decision to fill a cavity, he or she will first remove the decay and clean the affected region. The cleaned-out cavity will then be filled with any of the variety of materials.

How Do I know if I require a Filling?

Only your dentist can make out whether you have a cavity that wants to be filled. Throughout a checkup, your dentist will make use of a small mirror to scrutinize the surfaces of each tooth.

Whatever thing that looks unusual will then be intimately checkered with special instruments. Your dentist may also X-ray your whole mouth or a part of it. The type of treatment your dentist wants will depend on the degree of damage caused by decay.

What to be expecting During a FILLING

  • Local anesthesia– at  the start of your filling procedure you may be given local anesthesia to anesthetized the region around the tooth.
  • Tooth decay removal– then the dentist will engrave through the enamel by means of a drill to eliminate any decay. After the dentist take out the decay, the dentist will shape the space to prepare it for the filling.
  • Etching– for a bonded filling your dentist will etch the tooth with an acid gel prior to placing the filling.
  • Resin application– for certain forms of fillings the dentist will layer on the resin and solidify it using a bright light. This makes it burly.
  • Polishing– subsequent to the filling has been placed, your dentist will polish the tooth.

How I am supposed to Care for My Teeth with Fillings?

After you get a filling in one or more of your teeth, discomfort and tooth sensitivity may persevere for hours, or even days, after you depart the dentist’s office. This can make up eating and drinking a painful affair.

Fortunately, by following some common tips and evading  foods that can result  problem after fillings, you can significantly decrease discomfort:

  • Chew leisurely and bite off calmly: Biting applies magnificent pressure on the teeth, and this can make them very painful after you get a filling. When chomping your food, take your time and try not to bite all the way through; this will avert your teeth from making strong contact. If doable, chew on the opposite side of the mouth from where your filling is.
  • Keep your mouth closed when chewing: For some populace, even cold air can set off pain in sensitive teeth. as a result , in addition being good manners, keeping your mouth closed when chewing will diminish the probability of cold air ingoing your mouth and causing you pain.
  • Omit sticky foods: Some fillings, mainly silver (amalgam) ones, take time to lay down after you depart the dentist’s office. Consuming sticky or gluey food can, in exceptional cases, extricate a new filling, so it’s best to shun them temporary.
  • Evade very hot or cold drinks: Moderate temperatures are less liable to trigger pain in sensitive teeth.
  • Pass on the sweets: Sugary foods and soft drinks activate sensitivity in some and may encourage bacterial growth in the region of the edges of, or even under, a new filling.
  • Don’t chew up nuts, candy or ice: Other than causing undue pressure on your teeth at the same time as they are still recuperating, biting hard foods can extricate a new filling that hasn’t yet well set. This is particularly significant for silver (amalgam) fillings, as they take longer to set than composite (tooth-colored) fillings.

Always go after your dentist’s advice concerning chewing tips, what foods to evade after your procedure and how long you are supposed to wait to eat solid foods after getting softer filling materials, such as amalgam.

We proffer dental fillings so that patients all through the region can live in outstanding oral health. It is essential to complete dental restorations in a manner that refurbish the functionality of a tooth while also appearing totally natural. This is significant for ensuring that once the dental work is complete, no one can say to you tooth was ever damaged.