All dental surgeries come under the category of oral surgery. Proper diagnosis and thorough clinical examination is done before planning any oral surgical procedure. These are most commonly performed oral surgical procedures:
Wisdom Tooth Extraction
This is the most common oral surgical procedures. The position of the third molar, also called as wisdom teeth doesn’t fully emerge into the mouth in majority of the cases which impact against the next molar or against the bone of the jaw.
The oral surgeon carefully examines the condition in consultation with the patient before deciding upon surgically extracting the wisdom tooth. The pros and cons are contemplated wand discussed with the patient before going ahead with the extraction. One of the most common aspect to be factored in, is to gauge the corresponding relation of the tooth with the adjacent teeth
Bone graft surgery
Also known as bone augmentation or ridge augmentation, bone grafting is the replacement of supporting around the teeth, which has been lost or damaged. Bone grafting is performed before the implant placement to lend support to the adjacent roots of the teeth.
In many instances, due to the bone resorption, a potential implant site in the upper or lower jaw doesn’t offer enough bone volume or quantity to accommodate a rootform implant of proper size. Bone grafting procedure also tries to re-establish bone dimension thus lost due to resoption.
In some cases, there is inadequate bone space to accommodate dental implant. This usually happens due to deformities in the upper or lower jaw caused by periodontal disease, wearing dentures, developmental defects, injury or trauma. This can not only pose a challenge in placing the dental implant but can also cause an unattractive indentation in the jaw line near the missing teeth that may be difficult to clean and maintain.
The first step in correcting this deformity is to expose the bony defect. This is done by lifting the gum away from the ridge. Options available at your disposal to help regenerate lost bone and tissues are assessed and discussed with the patient.
Bone is shaped to correct the deformity and finally the incision is closed and healing is allowed to take place. Depending on the individual condition, the bone is allowed to develop for about four to 12 months. In some cases, the implant can be placed simultaneously while the ridge is modified.
Ridge modification is highly successful technique for improving appearance and raising reconstructive success of the implant. It can greatly enhance your success both aesthetically and functionally.