Implant dentistry is a boon for restoration of missing teeth. It overcomes many disadvantages of other conventional methods of restoration i.e.
- With removable prosthesis
- With fixed prosthesis
IMPLANTATION is defined as an insertion of any object or material, which is allopathic in nature either partially or completely into the body for therapeutic, experimental, diagnostic, or prosthetic purposes.
ADVANTAGES OF DENTAL IMPLANTS-
- To overcome the drawbacks of removable prosthesis
- Bone maintenance of height and width
- Ideally aesthetic tooth positioning
- Improved psychological health
- Increased stability in chewing
- Increased retention
- Eliminates the need to involve adjacent teeth
- Individual teeth are replaced with implants where it’s difficult to distinguish the real teeth from prosthetic teeth.
- Movement in lower denture can be decreased by implants with ball and socket retention.
- Bridge can be supported by two or more implants.
In orthodontics small diameter dental implants referred as temporary anchorage device can assist in tooth movement.
TYPES OF DENTAL IMPLANTS:-
- ENDOSTEAL IMPLANTS- dental implants are placed in the jawbone. Typically made of titanium and shaped like a small screw, they are most common used implants.
- SUBPERIOSTEAL IMPLANTS- These implants are placed under gum but on or above the jawbone. This type of implants may be used in-patient who do not have enough healthy natural jaw bone and cannot or do not want to undergo bone augmentation procedures to rebuilt the bone.
Highly precise 3D digital imaging and implant surgical planning softwares have made the implant procedures faster and highly predictable.
DENTAL IMPLANT PLACEMENT TECHNIQUES:-
Depending on the health of your jawbone and your specific needs, your implant dentist can suggest you either of the following implant techniques:
- TWO STAGE DENTAL IMPLANT PROCEDURE- In this procedure dental implant is placed in jaw at 1st sitting and then advised to wait for 3-4 months. After 3-4 months, second stage implant loading procedure is started. In this stage, the prosthetic part i.e. crown is attached to the dental implant after suitable impression making and lab procedures.
- IMMEDIATE LOAD DENTAL IMPLANT PROCEDURE– This technique is also called as same day implants or teeth in a day. This procedure allows the placement of temporary tooth/teeth during the same appointment as your dental implant placement.
- MINI DENTAL IMPLANTS- Also called small narrow diameter implants. These implants are narrower than most commonly used implants. These are used primarily to stabilize lower denture and to give support for temporary fixing of teeth before final prosthesis in full mouth cases.
- ALL- ON- 4 IMPLANTS- is an alternative to placing a top or bottom set of replacement teeth called full arch. Four dental implants are placed in available bone avoiding need for bone grafting. Special multiunit abutments are used.
- ZYGOMATIC IMPLANTS- These are extremely long implants used in special situations. These are placed in the back of the maxillary bone.
Nowadays, different types of implants are available in the market based on the material such as:
- CERAMIC AND CERAMIC COATED
- CARBON COMPOND
COST OF DENTAL IMPLANTS- Cost varies from case to case depending upon the implant system being used and the individual needs of the patient. If a patient requires additional procedures such as bone grafting, ridge split, sinus lift, bone expansion etc, the cost of implant placement procedures may increase. Cost also depends on the brand of implant system being used.
CARE OF DENTAL IMPLANTS:-
- Brush after eating and before bedtime around the implant.
- Floss at least once to twice a day.
- Use of oral irrigation devises such as WATERPIK to flush out loose debris from around the implants.
- See your dentist for regular checkups.