TYPES OF CROWN & BRIDGES

Metal Free Crowns

Metal Free Procera Crowns

All metal-free crowns are porcelain crowns. The Procera all ceramic crowns used by us are designed using unique, high-precision approach so as to produce natural-looking ceramic prostheses and custom abutments. Since these crowns are rated for being 99% biologically compatible, we prefer using these with teeth and implants.

By using the ‘Procera’ system, we are able to restore the beauty and transparency of porcelain while maintaining the strength of traditional gold or porcelain crown. To add to the strength of the crown, the coping is made using dense-sintered aluminum oxide with high bio-compatibility and purity. In the process, the Procera Abutment is created using CADD design so that the output is a custom milled implant abutment custom designed for you. Finally, the custom Procera Abutment is machined for your special need at the production plant in Sweden.

By using this advanced ‘Procera’ technology, the patients get their crowns with optimal fit, great strength and non-porosity. Yet, one of the most ignored aspects of dental treatment is that people generally tend to ignore the skill of the dentist. By combining it with PROCERA AllCeram Porcelain, the risk of allergic aggravations is minimized. Moreover, these crowns have the ability to transmit light without being transparent.

The role of a dentist is very crucial in whatever treatment you take, and is as important as the type of dental crown which is being used in treatment.

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Metal Free Procera Alumina Crowns

Procera (Alumina) crown is made by a densely sintered aluminum oxide coping of high-purity. This is manufactured using CAD / CAM technology and offers an amazing combination of strength and aesthetics. The strength of Alumina results in extremely low fracture rates. However, the Metal Free Procera Alumina Crowns are used for single crowns only in the anterior region of the mouth. These alumina restorations can stand intact for several years. Yet, a large number of patients prefer to opt for restorations made of material and not containing metal or other alloys. The most preferred restorations are done using bio-compatible material which poses minimal risk of allergic reactions.

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Metal Free Procera Zirconia Crowns

Procera Zirconia initally was introduced as a solution to concerns related to posterior strength. Zircon, a synthetic diamond, brings along exceptional rigidity. This strength makes Zirconia crowns great restorations with improved mechanical forecast. While undergoing the heat treatment of the various ceramic layers, Zircon exhibits perfect stability because of its high melting point. Since it does not utilize metal reinforcement, the crowns are produced with low thickness. This helps in saving the healthy tissue while doing the preparation of teeth. The aesthetic appearance remains excellent as the subjacent metal does not interrupt the light. Biocompatibility, transparency and close resemblance with natural tooth and strength makes Zirconia a good consideration. These Zircon crowns can be easily used in both anterior and posterior applications. In addition, it also finds use when considering long-span fixed partial dentures.

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Metal Free CERCON Crowns

Yet another metal free ceramic crown, Cercon, comes with a slim, tooth colored zirconium base instead of the old styled metal base. With its full porcelain crown, it is packed with aesthetic excellence to restore the natural look of your teeth, but it is proven to be much stronger than the usual full porcelain jacket crown.

Cercon crowns are considered among the latest metal free crowns. Developed by Swiss researchers, Cercon can easily go unnoticed even from the experts’ eyes from a distance of 5-10 cm.Cercon is best suited for the gums and soft tissues and hence ensures their good health. It is excessively used for single crowns of front teeth and molars.

These crowns are versatile with high durability caused by the flexibility of Zirconium oxide. Being crack resistant, it fits well with long bridges. Its computer aided design (CAD) system guarantees perfect fit with high accuracy. The minimal wall thickness is 0.3mm-0.4mm. Zirconium oxide used in making Cercon crowns offer high level of bio-compatibility.Being free from metal, it continues to retain its characteristic of being anti-allergic.

The treatment is possible with just two sittings with your dentist making your dull smile transform into dazzling giggles. It uses minimally invasive and painless treatment, hence there is zero recovery time required. You can start with your regular meals as soon as you move out of your doc’s clinic.

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Metal Free IPS Empress Crowns

IPS Empress are clinically accepted perfect solution for those who are either highly sensitive or are suffering from allergies. They are completely bio-compatible hence eliminates the risk of allergic aggravations. It is an all-ceramic, metal-free restoration solution. Metal Free IPS Empress Crowns are characterized by their bonded ceramic restorative material which works towards reestablishing the function, shape, contour and color in addition to the strength of a natural denture.

IPS Empress Crowns are seen as an ideal fit for anterior restoration crowns and veneers with its excellent marginal fits. The fitting of the crown requires etching and bonding.However, when it comes to posterior crowns, IPS Empress is not seen suitable. It may be used for posterior inlays and onlays. It may be used for three unit splinted abutments and all single crowns for all positions in your mouth except the second molars.

IPS Empress is considered a perfect solution where the patient is looking for pocket-friendly solution without compromising on the aesthetic looks and durable strength. This becomes possible as these crowns can be stained, cut back and layered by using IPS Empress Esthetic powders. It acts as savior for people with discolored teeth due to excessive intake of coffee, tea, wine, and some cases of medication.

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Cergogold

The Cergogold system exhibits even surfaces and rigidity value resembling those of natural teeth. This type of surface has been proven to grind down the antagonists at a natural rate. With the Golden Gate alloy range, Cergogold can also be veneered with Duceragold porcelain. Matching the shades of all-ceramic and metal-ceramic restorations in the same patient's mouth is no longer a problem.

  • • 20% softer than competing systems
  • • Fracture and shear resistance superior than any other pressable ceramic
  • • The highest performing low wear restoration when overlaid with hydrothermal porcelain
  • • Light Dynamic results, no adverse effects under various lighting conditions

METAL CROWNS (Gold, PFM, Captek)

Gold Dental Crowns

Gold crowns are often the preferred choice where appearance is not a concern. Gold is extremely flexible making gold crowns a better fit than any other type. The strength and stability of the gold offers a more solid crown that will not chip or crack, which is possible with other types of crown. Gold crowns are normally used in molars, where the forces from chewing and grinding are most widespread.

Advantages of gold crowns :

  • • There is minimal tooth structure removal and more of the original tooth remains intact.
  • • Gold is fewer chances to cause wear on opposing teeth.
  • • Gold is more malleable and offers a better fit.
  • • Gold offers the healthiest environment for the gum tissue.

Porcelain Fused To Metal Dental Crowns (PFM Crowns)

Porcelain fused to metal crowns proffer a natural look with a improved fit than a standard porcelain crown. On the down side they have a metal foundation making it difficult to imitate the translucency of natural teeth.The darker line will visible at the edge of crown, near the gum, as it recedes with age.

Advantages of porcelain fused to metal crowns:

  • • Porcelain fused-to-metal crowns offer a very natural look.
  • • They fit to the tooth very well.

Disadvantages of porcelain fused to metal crowns:

  • • They have a metal substructure and require an opaque below the porcelain.
  • • In time, a metal collar line may be observable at the edge of the crown.

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Captek Crowns

Hygienic Aesthetic Crowns(Caps)

A Captek (capillary technology) Crown is made out of a high purity gold, platinum group metals and silver. They are sturdy, long-lasting, resistant and healthy. Captek Crowns match your natural tooth color and with the use advanced gold material they help to reduce the bacteria in your gums.

No Unsightly “Black Lines”

CAPTEK'S patented material enables us to offer you with a crown that will look natural at the gum line, eliminating any unsightly gray or black lines commonly associated with traditional crowns. The light dispersion effects of CAPTEK crowns are ideal for achieving fundamental, attractive tooth colour. These crowns imitate natural tooth structure, superior than any other crown or veneer material. CAPTEK is the perfect material for matching natural tooth colour subsequent to ZOOM, for any tooth shape(cosmetic) changes which may be required.

CAPTEK crowns are planned for the patient who demands the best appearance.

Please contact us to setup a consulation for a checkup.

Dental Bridges

A dental bridge is one process to fill up a gap produced by a missing tooth (or teeth). Dental bridge or pontic is a specially made false tooth or teeth, that is permanently placed between two healthy teeth, filling in the area created by a missing tooth or teeth. The bridge is held in place by crowns placed on the healthy teeth on each side of space to be filled. The healthy teeth on both side act as pillar for bridge.

Benefits of Dental Bridges

  • • Restores your smile
  • • Restores your capability to properly chew and speak
  • • Maintains the shape of your face
  • • Distributes the forces in your bite correctly by replacing missing teeth
  • • Prevents remaining teeth from drifting out of position
  • • Helps protect the natural function and position of the teeth
  • • Restores and maintains natural bite

Types of Dental Bridges

1. Traditional bridges

Traditional bridges involve making a crown for the tooth or implant on either side of the missing tooth, with a pontic in between.

2. Cantilever bridges

Cantilever bridges are generally used when there are adjacent teeth on only one side of the missing tooth or teeth.

3. Maryland bridges

Marlyland bridges also named as resin-bonded bridges or a Maryland bonded bridges. Maryland bridges supported by a metal framework. Metal wings on each side of the bridge are bonded to the backside of existing teeth.

Types of Dental Bridge Materials

Porcelain fused to metal crowns proffer a natural look with a improved fit than a standard porcelain crown. On the down side they have a metal foundation making it difficult to imitate the translucency of natural teeth.The darker line will visible at the edge of crown, near the gum, as it recedes with age.

There are three basic types of materials for dental bridges:

  • 1. Porcelain fused to metal dental bridges
  • 2. All porcelain dental bridges
  • 3. All metal dental bridges (Gold)

The all porcelain dental bridges and porcelain fused to metal (PFM) dental bridges are tooth colored bridges. PFM dental bridges are usually used to bring back the teeth where the forces of chewing and grinding are strongest. All porcelain dental bridges are the most aesthetic and are used mainly for front teeth where the need for strength is not as significant. Gold dental bridges are the most sturdy and proffer the most exact fit. Gold dental bridges does not chip.

Procedure for Dental Bridges Treatment

The course of treatment described here is of traditional bridges, one of several options available at our dental clinic. Consult your dentist to find out what the best solution is for you, given your specific condition.

  • 1. First evaluation and bridge tooth preparation
    • o Local anesthesia is first administered at the area of bridge tooth preparation
    • o The natural teeth nearby to the missing gap is reshaped to get the dental bridge
    • o Records are taken and permitted with the patient to determine the colour, bite, length and shape of the bridge
    • o An impression is taken for a replica model of the teeth
    • o This model is sent to a lab where the individualized bridge is fabricated
    • o A temporary bridge is placed on whilst the permanent bridge is made
  • 2. Fitting of bridge on delivery
    • o The temporary bridge is removed
    • o The permanent bridge is fitted and cemented into place on the teeth
    • o A quality assurance check is done for any re-adjustments or re-works of the dental bridge
  • 3. Care of bridge
    • o Brush and floss the bridge as suggested by your dentist or dental hygienist

Recovery Expectations

Both the grounding and placement of the temporary bridge as well as permanent bridge may cause some tenderness in the area. Some patient may feel sensitivity in teeth. This sensitivity will disappear gradually over a few days to weeks.
Replacing missing teeth should actually make eating easier but until you become accustomed to the bridge, eat soft foods and in small bites.

Postcare Instructions for Dental Bridges

It is important to keep your remaining teeth healthy and strong required for success of the bridge. The bridge depends on the solid foundation offered by the surrounding teeth.

  • 1. Avoid chewing on or eating hard foods on the restorations for 24 hours from the time they were cemented
  • 2. For discomfort or swelling rinse your mouth 3xd with warm salt water. (1tsp. of salt in 8oz of water)
  • 3. Keep crown area clean to preserve tissue compatibility (the contour of the prosthesis must allow the surrounding tissue to conform to a natural, healthy position)
  • 4. Sensitivity in teeth may be experienced by some patients. This sensitivity will disappear slowly over a time. If teeth are sensitive :
    • o Avoid hot, cold or acidic food and beverages
    • o Pain medication be taken as directed by dentist
    • o Use flouride rinse and toothpaste for sensivity teeth
    • o Clean teeth properly

Care for Dental Bridges

Dental bridges need the same regular and reliable home and professional dental care, as your natural teeth to prevent decay at the tooth-dental crown junction. To provide optimum longevity for your restorations, follow the home care tips below:

  • 1. Brush after eating and before bedtime around the bridge with a soft toothbrush, especially where the bridge meets the gum line. At the gum line harmful bacteria can be harboured to cause decay and gum disease.
  • 2. Floss once to twice a day. Use the proxy brush or floss threader to remove plaque under and around these areas to maintain good oral hygiene. Build-up of food debris and plaque on your teeth and gums can become infected.
  • 3. Rinse with fluoride rinse before bed. Swish the fluoride rinse robustly in your mouth for at least one minute. Do not swallow any of the rinse and do not eat or drink anything for 30 minutes
  • 4. Be careful about chewing toffees, gum, grainy rolls and tough food in this area
  • 5. See your dentist for regular check-ups and cleanings

To view some Metal Free Crowns Case Studies by our clinic. Click Here