Orthodontics deals in correcting the teeth and jaw that are positioned unfittingly. Overlapped teeth or crooked teeth that do not fit together correctly are difficult to keep clean. These also bear the risk of early loss due to tooth decay and cause stress on gums and muscles. These problems often lead to headache, and TMJ syndrome – moreover disfigured teeth also hamper one’s appearance.
Orthodontics is aimed towards correcting these anomalies. The benefits of orthodontics treatment include a more pleasing appearance aesthetically besides, enduring the strength of teeth and mouth.
With the help of diagnostic tools including X-rays and photographs an orthodontist recommend the suitable orthodontics treatment after carefully looking at the dental health history and clinically examination. A treatment plan is thus devised, that’s right just for you!
Candidate for orthodontic treatment
You are a candidate for orthodontic treatment if you have any of the following conditions:
Laser technology is more often used by dentist now days to perform some cosmetic treatments. Procedures such as smile makeover have become convenient, comfortable with the help of laser technology – more over it helps reduce the recovery time considerably.
The most common procedures used in cosmetic dentistry are very convenient and can easily be performed. Some of the treatments commonly in use include:
- Buck Teeth: It is also called as “Overbite”. It is a condition where the upper teeth lie too far forward or protruding over the lower teeth.
- Underbite: This is the reverse of overbite or buck teeth – where the lower teeth are too forward or the upper teeth too far backward.
- Crossbite: It is a condition where while biting, the upper teeth do not come down fully aligned with lower teeth causing problem in biting.
- Open bite: when open space appears between the biting surfaces of the front and/or side when the upper and lower teeth bite together.
- Misplaced midline: it can be defined as a condition when the centres of the upper and lower teeth are not aligned with each other.
- Crowding: when there are too many teeth at the dental ridge
Different types of components like fixed and removable are used to correct the disfigured teeth and help retain muscles and effect the growth of the jaws. These components might put gentle pressure of the teeth and jaws depending on the severity of your problem.
Fixed components include:
- Braces: Braces are the most common fixed component, which include wires and/or brackets. Bands are used around teeth to act as anchors and provide strength. On the other hand, brackets are most often bonded at the front of the tooth. Arch wires are passed through the brackets and attached to the bands to create tension on the teeth – making them slowly move to their proper position. Now days, braces have become smaller, lighter and much more convenient to carry. They also come in bright and attractive colours for youth.
- Special fixed appliances: These are used to control the habits of thumb sucking or tongue thrusting. These components are attached to teeth by bands.
- Fixed space maintainers: Space maintainers are used to keep the open space formed with the loss of baby tooth intact until the permanent tooth erupts.
Removable appliances include:
- Aligners: Aligners are a good alternative to braces, which is very effectively used by orthodontics to move teeth in a similar way without using metal wires and brackets. Aligners are virtually invisible and can easily be removed while eating, brushing and flossing.
- Removable space maintainers: These devices solve the same purpose as that of fixed space maintainers. Made up of acrylic base that fits over the jaw and have plastic braches.
- Jaw repositioning appliances: These are also called splints, which are used to align jaw to close in a more favourable position.
- Lip and cheek bumpers: These are designed to help lips and cheeks prevent from bucking over to teeth. These are meant to relieve the pressure lips and cheeks might mount on to the teeth in some cases.
- Palatal expander: A plastic devise, palatial expander is used to widen the arch of upper jaw. Fitting over the roof of the mouth, it mounts pressure on the joints in the bones exerting them to open lengthwise, widening the palatial area.